Skip to main content


Dr. Thomas H. Wakeman III
Dr. Jon Miller
Publication Year
Publication Type

New York Harbor was directly in the path of the most damaging part of Super Storm Sandy causing significant impact on many of the facilities of the Port of New York and New Jersey. The U.S. Coast Guard closed the entire Port before the storm hit on October 28, 2013. It was not fully reopened to vessel traffic until November 4th. Even though the waterways were open, numerous terminals and facilities did not resume their operations for several weeks. Interviews of key port stakeholders were conducted to identify the circumstances that led to storm-related impacts and operational recovery in the port. The project reviewed the existing design codes for infrastructure and attempted to identify how building codes could be improved to enhance port resiliency.