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Dr. Robert E. Paaswell
Dr. Camille Kamga
Dr. Camille Kamga
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New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT) subsidizes several franchise bus operators in Queens and Brooklyn.  The franchise operators, which started operating in the first half of the Twentieth Century, have made few changes to their routes in the past several decades despite the changes in the neighborhoods that their routes serve; for example, new shopping areas developing, neighborhoods that gentrify or degenerate, exodus of industry.

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