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The Expanding Transportation Network Company “Equity Gap”: Adverse Impacts on Passengers with Disabilities, Underserved Communities, the Environment & the On-Demand Workforce

This report provides an analysis and evaluation of the negative impacts that the proliferation of Transportation Network Companies (“TNCs”) have had on people with disabilities, underserved communities, the environment, social responsibility, and the sharing economy.

Graduated Driver Licensing in New Jersey: Phase I

<p>In 1998, the State of New Jersey passed a Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) law to take effect on January 1, 2001. The law enacted a three stage licensing system; in simplified form this consists of: 1. Special learner?s permit for 16 year olds, during which the new driver must be supervised by an experienced driver over 21; 2. Provisional license for 17 year olds who have completed minimum of 6 months with a learner?s permit, during which the new driver may not drive between Midnight and 5 AM and is restricted in the number of passengers under 21 that may be carried; and 3.

Evaluation of New Jersey's Graduated Driver's License Program (Phase I)

<p>New Jersey started enforcing a graduated driver license (GDL) system on January 1, 2001. The system requires a three-step process for full licensing: learner&#39;s permit at 16 years of age at the earliest; provisional license at 17; and, a basic license at 18. This report is the first phase of an evaluation of the New Jersey GDL system. The number and types of traffic crashes, traffic violations, and license suspensions in New Jersey by age for the years immediately before 2001 were analyzed.

Bicycling renaissance in North America? An update and re-appraisal of cycling trends and policies

Many communities in the US and around the world—whether urban, rural, or suburban—are interested in providing effective paratransit services that are also reasonably good performers from the viewpoint of environmental sustainability. Herein, paratransit will be understood in the general sense of flexible passenger transportation that does not follow fixed routes or schedules, and often serves the transportation needs of the handicapped or elderly. Typically, paratransit systems exist because laws and regulations require the services to be provided, and because governments are able to provide the needed subsidies. Public or private operators who deliver paratransit services often do so via fleets of vans or mini-buses. Paratransit ranges widely in terms of the flexibility of the provided services, which can range from relatively inflexible transportation along a more or less defined route, to fully “demand responsive” service that offers door-to-door transportation, on-demand. Given the governmental subsidies needed to support paratransit, policymakers are increasingly considering ways to operate paratransit systems more effectively. Likewise, they are increasingly interested in the environmental sustainability of paratransit.

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